how to test a well pump

Owning a well comes with several advantages over using the public water supply. This is particularly beneficial in terms of lower monthly costs and having easy access to fresh clean water in your home.

But, having a well also means you have more water-related technology that needs to be maintained and repaired if you are to keep that water supply running smoothly through your taps. Although there are many potential reasons why you may encounter a no-water situation, the first suspect is your well pump and that is where you should troubleshoot first.

Here are 6 signs that you might need a new well pump, or at the very least some serious repairs.

Sign #1: No Flowing Water

Whenever you turn on the taps, you obviously expect the water to flow as usual. If that is not happening, that’s a good indication that your well pump has a problem. Typically, this is due to some kind of component failure or even total pump collapse.

Do your taps make “spitting” noises even when the water is flowing? This could also be a sign that a new well pump is needed. 

Hallmark Deep Well Submersible Pump

  • Filter pile size: 1.25 inches
  • Material: Stainless steel
  • Height: 30 inches
  • Horsepower: 1 horsepower
  • Weight: 28 pounds
  • Lengths: 30 inches
  • Maximum feet of head: 207
  • Maximum flow rate: 33 gallons per minute
  • Electric powered motor
  • Outlet connection size: 1.25 inches
  • Voltage: 230 volts

Sign #2: Well Pump Won’t Stop

At times, your well pump may behave strangely, clear signs of danger. If, for instance, the well pump keeps on running and won’t turn off, that may be an indication of a major fixture/plumbing leak or a damaged pump control. You probably need to replace it.

Sign #3: Water Comes Out, Then Stops

When you have incidences of water coming out and then stopping, it is usually an indication that for some reason your pump has shut down. This could mean a faulty relay switch, something that can easily be replaced or that a new pump is needed. You will be saving yourself lots of future stress by replacing the pump altogether if you notice the elements/components are constantly needing unnecessary repairs.

Sign #4: Low Water Pressure

Your pump may be functioning below full capacity and not pushing adequate amounts of water due to low pressure. This is likely to be the result of a mechanical fault or less power. If, for example, you have recently made some additions to your home, the well pump might be too small to meet the increased water demand. You perhaps need a bigger, more powerful well pump. 

Sign #5: Water Quality

Is the water coming out of the faucets murky or dirty? These could be a sign of well pump problems. An easy way of figuring out if your well pump system has been clogged or destroyed by sediment issues is the quality of the water.

Low pressure in the showers and taps could also be a sign that the pump’s bearings have been destroyed by sediments or small stones that have leaked through. The gradual damage will ultimately force you to get a new well pump.

Sign #6: Unusually High Power Bills

When your water supply comes from a well, it’s important that you closely monitor your energy bills. If you notice an unusual spike in the utility bill, the root issue may be your well pump. This could be a signal that it’s running continuously or laboring to maintain the water pressure. The strain on your well pump may lead to a premature failure forcing you to get a new pump. 


Left unattended, water well pumps can be quite temperamental.  Take some time to regularly check your well pump health. If you are constantly experiencing water problems or have concerns, you may need to consider consulting a professional. To avoid well pump problems, the best solution is to schedule maintenance inspections annually.